Sigmund Freud proposed that dreams were the royal road to the unconscious, that they reveal in disguised form the deepest elements of an individual’s life. More recently, in contrast, dreams have been characterized as meaningless, the result of random nerve cell activity. Dreaming has also...

Learning, a process of obtaining skill or knowledge was formerly considered as a conscious action. But, with further studies, it was found to be an unconscious action preliminarily which then terminates in a conscious one. This has been proved by various scientists and psychologists like...

António Damásio, the author of Descartes’ Error, is a neurologist. Some of his works are related to the subconscious and conscious. In an experiment, Damasio with a group of scientists got some gamblers to play a game of cards. Four decks of cards were provided,...

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